South Nave Window #4 – Pilgrims in The New World
Left: In memory of Walter Fielding and Emma E. Firth, given by their family, Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Hoffman
Right: In Memory of Letitia Mills Sandreuter by Oliver Sandreuter
In the upper left, the historic church at Scrooby, England has been called “the beginning of New England.” In the center left lancet, a small group of Separatists met at the manor house of William Brewster in Scrooby. They were Puritans who no longer accepted the Church of England as a true church. They moved to Amsterdam in 1608 and then Leiden, Holland, the next year. The text in the left ribbons says, “Pilgrims at Scrooby”, “Departure from England” and “Plumbers Hall Congregation.”
The Mayflower is shown in a small vignette in the center left. It is anchored off Cape Cod, where the diverse company drew up the Mayflower Compact in 1620 by which they created a civil body before God and each other to agree to the group’s rules and regulations.
The Hall of the Plumber’s Company, where the congregation of Separatists secretly met in London in the 1560s, is in the left predella.
One of the most remarkable men of seventeenth century New England was the Reverend Thomas Hooker (1586 – 1647), pictured in the upper right, who grasped the significance of separating church and state. The text in the right ribbons says, “Hooker 1586”, “Mayflower Compact” and “Cambridge Synod.”
In a vignette the Pilgrims are shown going to church. The Cambridge Synod of 1648 defined and promoted the established Congregational polity, which resulted in a certain rigidity and led to splits and quarrels within the churches.