South Nave Window #3 – Figures of the Reformation
In memory of Mary McCoul Buscher, given by her husband, George C. Buscher
The Renaissance meant an increase in the learning of the common man. Books came into greater demand. The invention of the printing press aided in the dissemination of knowledge.
At the top of the left lancet, William Tyndale (ca 1492 – 1536) is being burned at the stake for issuing the first complete English translation of the Bible in 1526. He was fluent in eight languages and published pamphlets against divorce and other issues. He transformed the English language from Middle English into a more elegant language, inventing many phrases.
John Wycliffe (ca 1320 – 1384), in the center left, is called the “Morning Star of the Reformation.” He was a theologian, reformer, priest, and a seminary professor at Oxford University. He was an influential dissident within the Roman Catholic priesthood and is considered an important predecessor to Protestantism. He rejected the concept of purgatory, and disapproved of clerical celibacy, pilgrimages, the selling of indulgences and praying to saints. He said the Bible has authority over Christians, not the Pope. He translated some of the Bible into English.
Martin Luther (1483 – 1546), down in the left predella, is shown writing. He translated the Bible into German. He was a priest who married a nun, starting the Protestant custom of allowing such marriages. He said the Bible is the authority over Christians, not the Pope.
John Calvin (1509 – 1564) is shown at the upper right. He was a Frenchman who produced the “Institutes,” a work which became the standard for the reformed wing of Protestantism.
John Robinson (1576 – 1625), in the center right, led the Separatists or Pilgrims from England and Leiden, Holland. He organized the group which went to America on the Mayflower, but stayed in Holland to minister to those of his flock who remained behind.
The right predella, at the bottom, shows the Hampton Court Conference in 1604, consisting of a group of scholars under the patronage of King James. They produced an official English translation of the Bible. The text in the ribbon says, “Authorization of the King James version of the Bible.”