South Nave Window #4 – Pilgrims in The New World
Left: In memory of Walter Fielding and Emma E. Firth, given by their family, Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Hoffman
Right: In Memory of Letitia Mills Sandreuter by Oliver Sandreuter
In the upper left, the historic church at Scrooby, England has been called “the beginning of New England.”In the center left lancet, a small group of Separatists met at the manor house of William Brewster in Scrooby. They moved to Amsterdam in 1608 and then Leiden, Holland the next year.
The Mayflower is shown in a small vignette in the center left. It is anchored off Cape Cod, where the company drew up the Mayflower Compact by which they created a civil body before God and each other. This was Congregational polity, though civil rather than religious.
The Hall of the Plumber’s Company where the congregation of Separatists met in London in the 1560s is in the left predella.
One of the most remarkable men of seventeenth century New England was the Reverend Thomas Hooker (1586 – 1647), pictured in the upper right, who grasped the significance of separating church and state.
In a vignette the Pilgrims are shown going to church. The Cambridge Synod defined and promoted the established Congregational polity, which resulted in a certain rigidity and led to splits and quarrels within the churches.