South Nave Window #3 – Figures of the Reformation
In memory of Mary McCool Buscher, given by her husband, George C. Buscher
|The Renaissance meant an increase in the learning of the common man. Books came into greater demand. The invention of the printing press aided in the dissemination of knowledge.
At the top of the left lancet, William Tyndale (ca 1492 – 1536) is being burned at the stake for issuing the first complete English translation of the Bible in 1526.
John Wycliffe (ca 1320 – 1384), in the center left, is called the “Morning Star of the Reformation.” He sent out poor preachers, called Lollards, who grew strong and numerous to petition for reforms in the English Parliament. He translated some of the Bible into English.
Martin Luther (1483 – 1546), down in the left predella, is shown writing. He translated the Bible into German.
John Calvin (1509 – 1564) is shown at the upper right. He produced the “Institutes,” a work which became the standard for the reformed wing of Protestantism.
John Robinson (1576 – 1625), in the center right, led the Separatists or Pilgrims from England and Leiden, Holland. He organized the group which went to America on the Mayflower, but stayed in Holland to minister to those of his flock who remained behind.
The right predella, at the bottom, shows the Hampton Court Conference in 1604, consisting of a group of scholars under the patronage of King James. They produced an official English translation of the Bible.